The series of works collectively titled Redundens was begun in 2001. All the pieces take Arnold Schoenberg’s Three Pieces for Piano, Op.11 as their starting point: only the top line in Schoenberg's pieces is retained as an unaccompanied melody (or as a list of pitch classes if you’re more technically-minded.) Each set of pieces uses a different method of encoding this melody; by pitch, register, timbre, duration, dynamics, or other means.
In Redundens 3 the melody of Redundens 1 is played with differences in durations, rhythms, and pitch removed. Redundens 3b replaces each pitch class with a particular dynamic for a single pitch played throughout on piano. Durations and rhythms are constant.